What is Enterococci Testing?
In drinking water, enterococci presence indicates the presence of environmental contamination (specifically faecal contamination as naturally these bacteria reside in the gut microbiome of humans and animals), which can lead to dangerous clinical manifestations.
Enterococci are used as indicators of water quality and faecal contamination in various environments. Enterococci are considered indicator organisms for faecal contamination because they are more resistant to environmental conditions than other faecal indicator bacteria, such as E. coli. This means they can survive longer in the environment and are more likely to be present in water sources contaminated with faeces.
Testing for enterococci in drinking water is essential because these bacteria can indicate the presence of faecal contamination in the water source. In addition, if enterococci are present in drinking water, other disease-causing organisms are likely to present, which can pose a health risk to people who consume the water.
Regular enterococci testing in drinking water helps to ensure that the water is safe to drink. Water treatment or other control measures can be implemented if contamination is found to reduce the risk of illness. Additionally, it can help identify contamination sources and track control measures’ effectiveness over time.
What is the importance of enterococci testing?
Research has shown that these bacteria cause enterococcal infections that range in severity from urinary tract infections (UTIs), to bloodstream infections that can develop into more severe infections in the heart (endocarditis) and lining of the brain tissue (meningitis).
For the safety of your family, monitoring for enterococci helps identify potential risks to your family’s health and enables water suppliers to take appropriate action to address any potential risks to your safety.
For families with children, pregnant or nursing individuals, elderly household members, those with weakened immune systems, or even new homeowners, it’s especially crucial to ensure the safety of your drinking water.